Aims & Objectives
Experimental Fishery Management Plan Aims
- Determine total yield from the experimental fishery
- Assess seasonal catch and catch per unit effort (CPUE) for a range of different experimental gear types
- Determine seasonal species, sex, size and maturity composition of fish caught in a range of different experimental gear types
- Assess the impact of each each gear type on target and non-target/by-catch species caught, and the environment
- Assess the impact of exploitation rates on target and non-target/by-catch species
- Determine biologically optimum gear types, configurations, catch areas and seasons with the least impact on Near Threatened largemouth yellowfish stocks
- Determine the most appropriate fishing gear, fishing areas and fishing seasons
- Assess whether it is possible to achieve sustainable catch rates for economically efficient production
- Explore demand and market potential for harvested fish
- Determine if income allows a sustainable business framework
- Assess whether replacement/maintenance of capital items are possible through profits generated in the experimental fishery or if ongoing government subsidy would be required
- Maximize possible net economic return of the experimental fishery
- Maximize possible social benefits to local rural communities
- Set guidelines that will ensure effective regulation, monitoring and control of the experimental fishery, and through trial and error develop guidelines for a subsequent commercial phase, should the experiment prove feasible.
- Adopt a management approach that deals with the circumstances particular to and in consideration of, the nature of Vanderkloof Dam.
- Ensure management is adaptive and based on best available scientific data or other information.
- Ensure management is proactive and responds to changing environmental conditions and markets or other socio-economic factors and concerns of experimental fishery participants.
- Ensure mechanisms are in place to resolve disputes such as potential user conflict issues.
- Ensure regional cooperation on freshwater related matters between neighboring provinces that share the impoundment.
- Ensure that all legal requirements are applied and adhered to.
- Ensure the management system is periodically reviewed for effectiveness.
Experimental Fishery Management Plan Objectives
- Assess the biological sustainability of the experimental fishery and a range of different experimental gear types
- Apply the Precautionary Principle with respect to the utilization of previously underutilized fish resources where little or no data is available
- Apply the Precautionary Principle when determining catch limits for target and non-target/by-catch species (this includes Near Threatened and Protected species such as largemouth yellowfish)
- Protect the reproductive capacity of largemouth yellowfish stocks by protecting the spawning stock
- Minimize the impacts of fishing on non-target/by-catch species such as largemouth yellowfish
- Provide for the protection of fish species diversity, aquatic habitats and the environment
- Utilize the best available knowledge and multidisciplinary research (including the views of interested and effected parties i.e. recreational anglers, tourism establishments, potential harvesters, other government departments and NGOs) to ensure a precautionary approach
- Assess the sustainable development potential of economically efficient commercial production through experimentation with different fishing gears, seasons and areas
- Assess the economic feasibility of the proposed experimental fishery
- Ensure that the experimental fishery does not impact negatively on the developing local tourism industry by ensuring the sustained reproductive capacity of target and non-target/by-catch species (this includes largemouth yellowfish)
- Assess the possibility of a small-scale capture fishery to contribute to food security and provide maximum employment opportunities for local rural communities
- Ensure that the experimental fishery does not impact negatively on the developing local tourism industryÂ by ensuring the sustained reproductive capacity of target and non-target/by-catch species (this includes largemouth yellowfish)
- Ensure the involvement of interested and affected parties
- Suggest a structured governance framework for the development of sustainable small-scale inland fisheries in South Africa